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IAB Annual Report 2015


Building Capabilities for Growth

Twenty fifteen was a landmark year for our industry—and for IAB. Digital advertising is now a $50 billion sector in the U.S. It’s an astonishing achievement, and one that was not readily apparent 20 years ago when IAB was founded. As impressive as this growth is, we cannot simply celebrate the past. The industry must look forward and ask where the next $50 billion will come from.

This is neither an idle nor a vain question. Growth in our industry will create new jobs in digital media and technology as well as in the other industries we support. Growth implies new ways of winning people’s hearts and minds—with ads and entertainment, yes, but also with news, ideas, and vital information.

Hence the IAB mission: To empower the media and marketing industries to thrive in the digital economy. And helping you—our members—is how we strengthen those industries, and we are more capable of that today than ever. In five years, our membership has expanded to over 600 companies.

Our financial state is strong. Our staff includes nearly 70 high-performing professionals. Our research, lobbying, and thought leadership underpin the way our members grow their businesses. Our events have built a powerful reputation as the convening platform for thought leadership in our industry.

IAB has made great strides in building capabilities to meet the demands of the industry for growth in the U.S. and across the globe. In 2015 we saw significant achievements from the IAB Technology Laboratory, the IAB Digital Video Center of Excellence, the IAB Mobile Marketing Center of Excellence, and the IAB Education Foundation. We announced a new organization, the IAB Data Center of Excellence, which will bring expertise to an area critical to the health of the industry.

Our progress in the Making Measurement Make Sense (3MS) initiative is paving the way for a digital GRP that will allow our industry to plan, buy, and sell advertising across all platforms and media seamlessly.

We responded aggressively to threats like ad blocking. Thanks to excellent engagement from industry executives on IAB boards and in our other leadership groups, we took the lead in tackling this issue domestically and abroad. The IAB Tech Lab’s LEAN Ads Program is coalescing the entire marketing and media ecosystem around principles that will guide the next phases of technical standards and user experience so we can delight consumers while building productive businesses.

Twenty fifteen was also a year of firsts for IAB and our industry, including:

  • IAB Podcast Upfront Showcase—a successful one-day marketplace that previewed the latest digital audio podcast programming from the biggest names in media
  • “What Is an Untrustworthy Supply Chain Costing the U.S. Digital Advertising Industry?”—a rigorous study conducted by EY for IAB that shows how eliminating fraud and flaws in the digital supply chain in the U.S. will enable the digital ad industry to gain $8.2 billion annually
  • Mobile Advertising Summit at Mobile World Congress—a full day of programming devoted to mobile advertising and marketing at the world’s largest gathering for the mobile industry, Mobile World Congress in Barcelona, with partners Facebook and Nasdaq
  • IAB Programmatic Revenue Report—a much anticipated study that sized U.S. programmatic ad revenues at $10.1 billion in 2014

Even after all these successes, challenges remain. We need to continue to advance technical standards to combat fraud and piracy, support education to ensure a healthy and diverse talent pipeline for our industry, and innovate an ad product portfolio to keep pace with marketer and consumer expectations.

I’m exceptionally proud of everything IAB accomplished in 2015 and grateful to the remarkable IAB team that brought it all to fruition. I am also thankful for the ongoing support from our members and the community that has made these strides possible. By continuing to work together, we can achieve a prosperous 2016 and beyond.


Randall Rothenberg
President and Chief Executive Officer
Interactive Advertising Bureau


2015 Financial Review

Mirroring the overall health of the industry it serves, the financial state of IAB started and ended the year strong. It is a reflection of the work we do on behalf of our members and the confidence they place in us.

According to unaudited 2015 financial statements and under the fiscal leadership of IAB Executive Vice President and COO Patrick Dolan, IAB finished the year with topline revenue of $28 million, up from the record $23.2 million in 2014 and 10 percent more than budgeted.

Membership dues revenue reached a new high of $13.7 million for 2015, up $2.6 million or 22 percent from 2014, mainly because of a key change to widen the criteria for full voting or General Membership to include companies that “sell, distribute, or optimize digital advertising or marketing programs.” IAB also saw a slight growth in events income, projected to bring in $7.4 million or an increase of 3 percent, largely as a result of the enormously successful IAB Annual Leadership Meeting in Phoenix, Arizona, in February.

IAB Certification Programs, established just three years ago, totaled $2.2 million in revenue, and 2015 was the program’s best year yet, bringing the three-year total of candidates of certificants and candidates for certification to more than 11,000 men and women. The rapid growth of the certification programs is a validation from our members of how important certifications and training are for a healthy talent pipeline for our industry.

Overall, the newly formed organizations are taking hold and delivering on the revenue projected.

The IAB Tech Lab brought in $500,000 in its first year of operation, developing tools, standards, and best practices that simplify and reduce costs associated with the digital advertising and marketing supply chain. IAB also received $250,000 in donations to the IAB Education Foundation and its iDiverse initiative in 2015, and we are already getting recommitments for 2016 and beyond.

Our video efforts are also showing great progress, and the IAB Video Center of Excellence is projected to see $575,000 in revenue in 2015. Within that, IAB also saw $607,000 in revenue from the increasingly popular NewFronts. The IAB Mobile Marketing Center of Excellence is projected to see $1.3 million in revenue in 2015, which is a positive sign for the relevance and success of our mobile efforts.

Additional ongoing revenue streams include initiatives such as sponsored research, member services, the spiders and bots list, international licensing fees, and other fundraising programs.

In the last two quarters of 2015, IAB invested revenues received in helping member businesses excel. Funding was directed toward producing valuable third-party research for building brands in digital as well as investing in the IAB Video Center of Excellence, the newly announced IAB Data Center of Excellence, the IAB Technology Laboratory (IAB Tech Lab), the IAB Education Foundation, Making Measurement Make Sense (3MS), and the Trustworthy Accountability Group (TAG).

Finally, IAB managed expenses closely in 2015, which totaled $26.8 million. IAB closed the year with a surplus of $1.2 million and $7.5 million in the bank.

With our members’ support, IAB is well-positioned financially to deliver on its ambitious agenda for 2016 and beyond.


IAB Tech Lab

Technical Standards for Rapid Implementation

The IAB Technology Lab (IAB Tech Lab) is a nonprofit research and development consortium charged with producing and helping companies implement global industry technical standards and solutions for their businesses. It was formed to be a global body with members from around the world and across the industry—publishers, ad technology companies, agencies, marketers, and any organization that understands the importance of global standards. The goal of the consortium is to produce, implement, and reduce the costs associated with the digital advertising and marketing supply chain while contributing to the safe growth of the industry.

The IAB Tech Lab spearheads the development of innovative and scalable technical standards, creates and maintains a code library to assist in rapid, cost-effective implementation of IAB standards, and establishes test platforms for companies to evaluate the compatibility of their technology solutions with IAB standards, which for almost 20 years have been the foundation for interoperability and profitable growth in the digital advertising supply chain. The IAB Tech Lab has also been a central strategic capability for cross-industry initiatives, such as the Digital Advertising Alliance and the Trustworthy Accountability Group (TAG).

IAB Tech Lab Board of Directors

Board Chairman

David Moore, Xaxis, Chairman

Executive Committee

Jonathan Bellack, Google
Anand Das, PubMatic
Kelly Petersen, Tremor Video
Tom Shields, AppNexus
Michael Smith, Hearst Magazines Digital Media
Srini Venkatesan, Yahoo

Board Members

David Adams, Condé Nast
Krishan Bhatia, NBCUniversal
Tom Bowman, BBC Worldwide
Andrew Casale, Index Exchange
Scott Cunningham, IAB
Marc Frons, NewsCorp
David Jakubowski, Facebook
Tian Lim, Hulu
Srinivas Manapragada, Adobe Systems
Janneke Niessen, Improve Digital
Robyn Petersen, Mashable

Zach Putnam, Disney/ABC Television Group
Jason Richman, Spotify
Neal Richter, Rubicon Project
Willard Simmons, DataXu
Peter Sirota, Quantcast
Priti Tanna, NBCUniversal
Eoin Townsend, Collective

A Global Resource for Technology Leaders

Under the leadership of Scott Cunningham, Senior Vice President, Technology and Ad Operations, and General Manager of the IAB Tech Lab, the organization has advanced IAB and its members across a number of dimensions, and the work output from this group has been prodigious.

In 2015, the IAB Tech Lab produced a full suite of tools and solutions:

  • Openrtb Dynamic Native Advertising Addendum
  • MRAID/VPAID Video Addendum
  • IAB Digital Video In-Stream Metric Definitions
  • IAB Digital Video In-Stream Ad Format Guidelines
  • 2015 Advertising Creative Guidelines for Display & Mobile—updated for HTML5
  • IAB HTML5 for Digital Advertising v2.0: Guidance for Ad Designers and Creative Technologists
  • Four validator tools including HTML5 Ad Format Validator
  • Tools and best practices for reducing risk of traffic fraud (in support of TAG)


The LEAN Ads Program

It’s not an understatement to say that ad blocking exploded as a dominant issue for our industry in 2015. The rise of ad blocking poses a threat to the internet and could potentially drive users to an enclosed platform world dominated by a few companies.
As an organization, IAB is strongly opposed to ad blocking. We believe in an ad-supported internet. Depriving the internet of advertising dollars will reduce the diversity of voices in digital media. The industry needs to commit to the cause of ever-improving user experiences. The fine equilibrium of content, commerce, and technology must be reestablished on the open web.

Under the stewardship of IAB Tech Lab General Manager Scott Cunningham and his team, IAB hosted a summit where vendors highlighted their available options for dealing with lost inventory, seated a working group on the issue, and developed open source code for detection of ad blocking.

In “Getting LEAN with Digital Ad UX,” Cunningham laid out the industry’s responsibilities for solving the ad blocking problems it is facing, and outlined the LEAN Ads Principles:

L Light
E Encrypted
A Ad-choice supported
N Non-invasive

Supported by the Executive Committee of the IAB Tech Lab Board, IAB licensees around the world, and hundreds of member companies, these principles will help guide the next phase of advertising technical standards for the global digital advertising supply chain.

The IAB Tech Lab hosted a series of international town halls in New York, San Francisco, and London around ad blocking to obtain feedback and guidance for its LEAN Ads Program. These principles resonated with the professional community and captured the attention of the press. Thanks to excellent engagement of thought leaders in the IAB Board of Directors, the IAB Tech Lab, and other leadership groups, IAB is well-positioned to lead the ongoing conversation on this critical issue for the industry. The IAB Tech Lab will continue to provide publishers with tools that help them have a dialogue with users about their choices so that content providers can generate revenue while creating value.

Guidelines and Specification

The IAB Tech Lab supported the rapid execution of the Digital Audio Ad Serving Template (DAAST) and Video Ad Serving Template (VAST) projects, including reference code, materials, and events. The IAB Tech Lab’s commitment to becoming a hub for hosting testing utilities, from mobile SDKs to HTML5 Validator, generated positive responses, and the Tech Lab has continued investing in this area.

After clearing public comment, the OpenRTB 2.3 specification and OpenRTB Dynamic Native Ads API Specification V.1 were released in January and February 2015, respectively. Members of the OpenRTB Working Group—consisting of 44 companies—contributed to the OpenRTB 2.3 specification, while a subset of 15 companies with a focus on native advertising contributed to the addendum. A significant portion of the OpenRTB text has been reviewed and updated for clarity, reducing the potential for incompatible implementations, and the specifications together provide support for native ads in OpenRTB. The Dynamic Native Ads API Specification describes the technical means for programmatically transacting on the native ad types defined by the IAB Native Advertising Playbook, providing a new and better revenue stream for app developers, an increased supply of premium mobile native inventory, the acceleration of scale within mobile native, and an overall improved user experience.

Accelerating HTML5 Adoption

Ad experiences must be as natural and meaningful as the content consumers expect and enjoy in the digital realm. One major accomplishment of the IAB Tech Lab in 2015 was updating the IAB creative display guidelines to spur the adoption of HTML5. This followed extensive testing for performance and time-to-display as well as exhaustive working group consideration for guidelines unique to HTML5 ad creatives.

Key changes recommended include defining HTML5-specific guidelines for number of requests to server, shared libraries, video display, and animation for both desktop and mobile display ads. To support the transition, the HTML5 guide for ad designers was revised and was released in September for public comment, and the HTML5 Ad Validator 1.0 tool, to be used for ad creative packages for hard guidelines, is in beta release. A long-term roadmap for HTML5 Ad Validator has also been defined.

Security and Best Practices

As the industry sees a growing demand for all web pages to be delivered securely over HTTPS to prevent fraud and the proliferation of malware, IAB believes all participants in the advertising supply chain must support HTTPS. The IAB Tech Lab publicly announced its support of this point of view in a series of editorials and workshops.

TAG: Building Trust and Accountability

The Trustworthy Accountability Group successfully launched in 2015 as a first-of-its-kind cross-industry accountability program to create transparency in the business relationships and transactions that undergird the digital ad industry, while continuing to enable innovation. A joint marketing-media industry program, TAG was created with a focus on four core areas: eliminating fraudulent digital advertising traffic, combating malware, fighting ad-supported internet piracy to promote brand integrity, and promoting brand safety through greater transparency. TAG was created by the American Association of Advertising Agencies (4A’s), Association of National Advertisers (ANA), and IAB, the group works collaboratively with companies throughout the digital ad supply chain.

In March, TAG announced its inaugural board of directors, which includes 24 executives from the world’s largest brand advertisers, online media companies, ad agencies, and advertising technology companies. The board held its first meeting in May and empowered TAG to redouble efforts to fight the criminal activity that is undermining the trust in the digital supply chain. TAG also launched its Leadership Council, a governance body comprising 20 leading companies that will help guide the organization’s strategy and implementation priorities.

In 2015 under CEO Mike Zaneis, TAG developed and released two major anti-fraud tools: the Fraud Threat List and the Data Center IP List. Now in pilot programs to finalize their widespread implementation, these tools will form the foundation for an industrywide anti-fraud program that will more effectively identify nonhuman traffic and remove it from the legitimate supply chain. Soon TAG will formally launch its Registration and Payment ID system, which will bring greater transparency to the digital supply chain and keep money from flowing to criminal entities.


Digital Video Center of Excellence

Harnessing Sight, Sound and Motion

Digital video advertising reached $2 billion in the first half of 2015, a 35 percent year-over-year jump from the first half of 2014, and shows no sign of slowing down anytime soon. In response to digital video’s skyrocketing growth, last year IAB launched the Digital Video Center of Excellence, devoted to promoting the development of the digital video medium within the marketing, advertising, and media ecosystem. Focused on tying together various IAB video activities, including Advanced TV, Digital Video, and the Digital Content NewFronts, the goal is to provide a one-stop shop for thought leadership, innovation, research, and guidance for the burgeoning digital video industry. While continuing to supervise the IAB Mobile Marketing Center of Excellence, Anna Bager also serves as the General Manager for the IAB Video Center.

Measurement and Standards for Cross-Platform Success

In March the board of directors for the Digital Video Center of Excellence convened for an inaugural meeting. Themes and needs that surfaced included measurement standards, creative format standards that will ease cross-channel and cross-platform media buying, and creative innovation that will better leverage the unique capabilities of digital video to engage users and drive advertiser ROI. The board also endorsed the creation of a Digital Video Buyers Advisory Board. This new group will provide insights and recommendations to help propel digital video—mobile, over-the-top, and all other platforms—as a dynamic medium for creativity in programming and marketing. Its counsel is expected to impact initiatives that will range across technology, content, measurement, consumer insights, and other areas such as the NewFronts industry event.

Global View: State of the Digital Video World

In cooperation with the global IAB network, the Digital Video Center of Excellence produced a report titled “State of the Digital Video World,” which captures country-specific digital video ad revenues; wireless and broadband availabilities; inherent opportunities and challenges; and the perceived importance of formats, platforms, and monetization strategies. It establishes that both mobile and programmatic play a vital role in digital video advertising around the world. The global video anthology tapped into the expertise of 19 IABs and other related organizations around the globe to identify opportunities and challenges and to examine how perceptions of video vary across countries and regions.

Advanced TV and the Future of Digital Video

The Digital Video Center of Excellence also published the “Advanced TV Industry Primer,” which provides a framework for both buyers and sellers and defines what Advanced TV is. In September, IAB followed-up with a research piece titled “Advanced TV: Ad Buyer Perceptions Study,” which revealed that a majority of advertisers already use some form of advanced TV—including addressable and interactive TV—in their marketing efforts and that 70 percent of advertisers expect to spend more on advanced TV within the next 12 months. Reflecting the increasing importance of advanced TV, the existing Advanced TV Advisory Board has evolved into a full-fledged IAB committee.

IAB Annual Report 2015 36

IAB Education Foundation

Promoting Education, Diversity and Development

A healthy industry needs a talent pipeline that reflects the audience it serves. IAB has taken important ste ps toward this goal by launching the IAB Education Foundation and championing efforts dedicated to increasing racial, ethnic, gender, and economic diversity; improving skills in the digital media and advertising industries; and expanding certification programs in sales, data solutions, and ad operations. The foundation operates under the leadership of Tim Armstrong, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of AOL and Foundation Board Chairman, and Michael Theodore, Senior Vice President of Learning and Development, IAB, and General Manager of the Education Foundation.

IAB Education Foundation

In 2015, the Education Foundation completed a series of Voices United diversity workshops and listening tours, with programs in New York, Washington, D.C., and San Francisco. Tim Armstrong and Freada Kapor Klein, Ph.D., Founder of the Level Playing Field Institute and Co-Chair of the Kapor Center for Social Impact, led the day’s conversation that spotlighted the lack of diversity in digital media and technology. A large cross-section of publishers, ad tech companies, and agencies actively participated to discuss diversity and workforce issues and what cross-industry collaboration can achieve. Participants included representatives from AdRoll, Adtech, AppNexus, Black Entertainment Television (BET), Bloomberg L.P., BrightRoll, Comcast, Facebook, Google, Huffington Post, LinkedIn, Microsoft Corp., New York Post, NY Daily News, Pandora, Quantcast, Salesforce, Seeking Alpha, Square Inc., U.S. Department of Labor, Yahoo Inc., Yelp, and more.

The IAB Education Foundation showed it was well-positioned to deliver a customized program that provides trained, tested, and vetted entry-level employees for positions in ad operations, marketing, data analysis, and sales support. In September, the IAB Education Foundation released ”The Diversity Dividend and the Looming Skills Gap in the Interactive Media Industry” a report that encapsulated the learnings from the Voices United multicity listening tour. Also that month, the iDiverse initiative was established with the goal of increasing diversity in the digital media workforce as well as to help reduce the talent gap. Accordingly, Tim Armstrong has called for the iDiverse initiative to fill 10,000 positions over the next 10 years in the industry. The foundation will also offer recruiting, interviewing, and placement services, as well as ongoing training and mentoring.

The IAB Education Foundation released results from an EY Digital Media Skills report that forecasts industry needs in entry-level positions over the next five years. More than 25,000 new jobs are expected by 2020, with the majority likely to be based in New York and the San Francisco Bay Area. The report notes the need for new skills and training programs to help maintain the growth of the digital media and advertising industries.

The IAB Education Foundation has two new training partners that will be developing curriculum for entry-level positions. University Now, an accredited online higher education provider based in Oakland, California, and the College of San Mateo are teaming up to develop the first classroom and web-based training program for the digital industry and will be offering several classes leading to a Digital Advertising Certification. In addition, the IAB Education Foundation is partnering with the New Jersey Community College Consortium to establish entry- and mid-level training programs in data management.

IAB Certification and Learning

The IAB Certification Program posted its best year ever in 2015. In Q3 2015 alone, more than 1,000 candidates applied for the Sales, Ad Operations, and Data Solutions certification examinations. That brings the three-year total of participants in the programs to more than 11,000 professionals.

One of the most important milestones of the year was when the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) recognized the program’s rigorous adherence to operational and ethical standards by awarding accreditation to the Digital Media Sales Certification and the Digital Ad Operations Certification programs—a first for any professional certification program in the digital advertising industry. Only about 10 percent of all U.S. certification programs earn this prestigious achievement.

The ongoing success of IAB learning and certification programs is a validation of how important training is for the industry as a whole to extend the talent pipeline. In May, IAB launched the IAB Digital Data Solutions Certification Program, which aims to ensure that digital sales, operations, and marketing professionals are proficient in data management—a critical area of expertise as the industry increases its reliance on data-driven marketing. Open to all members of the digital advertising ecosystem—marketers, agencies, publishers, and vendors—the data certification will provide another validation of the knowledge and expertise needed to make interactive advertising more efficient. In 2016, a new certification program for digital agency buyers and planners is expected to launch.

Professional Development

IAB launched two new major professional development initiatives this year. The Digital Leadership Program, a three-day intensive training program that focuses on mid-level professionals and the knowledge necessary to be successful digital managers, sold out its debut, with candidates from Time Warner Cable Media, Bloomberg, Twitter, and Time. The IAB Online Learning Program, launched in partnership with Bisk Education a nationally recognized e-learning provider, offers specially designed professional development programs to IAB members and nonmembers alike. The first offering was the IAB Sales Certification Prep Course with Fundamentals of Digital Advertising expected to launch in early 2016, followed by courses on Ad Operations and Programmatic Selling.

Making Measurement Make Sense

Making Measurement Make Sense (3MS) has been on an evolutionary path that is truly a revolutionary media measurement ambition. It is about much more than viewability, and all the talk about that one aspect obscures an important fact: The initiative is about defining metrics to make cross-media planning, buying, and evaluating comparable so that brand dollars can flow to digital media. Viewability paves the way for the work that needs to be done.

Moving the Agenda Forward

IAB began the year with a clearly formulated set of principles for viewable transactions in 2015, a year of transition. At the end of 2015, the consensus was that viewability is settling into a marketplace norm and moving the industry closer to the true goal of 3MS: currency based on viewable, human impressions, in-target for audience characteristics. All media should be allocated and valued using common metrics, empowering marketers to create breakthrough cross-screen branding campaigns based on educated decisions and accountable investments. Progress in the 3MS initiative, a multiyear investment, moves the industry closer to this goal.

At the end of 2015, the MRC convened the 3MS Blue Ribbon Task Force along with leaders from the ANA, IAB, and 4A’s to review progress on 3MS, reconfirm the long-term vision of the redefinition of measurement in digital, and provide high-level guidance on next steps.


In 2015, there was substantial progress in terms of implementation of viewability. Under the leadership of Senior Vice President Sherrill Mane, publisher-centric messaging and practical training on viewability overtook the hype that dominated earlier in the year. With the assistance of the MRC and 3MS partners, the ANA and the 4A’s, IAB has focused on four key areas:

Education and Communication

As part of the IAB 3MS Educational Forums, a series on the whys and hows of viewability implementation, IAB hosted the release of the findings of the MRC data reconciliation study in July, analyzing viewability measurement results for advertising campaigns. The session featured MRC CEO and Executive Director George Ivie, whose presentation covered data and implications as well as the timeline for vendor improvements. In addition, IAB released a statement supporting the work of the MRC and used it as an opportunity to communicate a message about the importance of rapid improvement of viewability measurement. The letter highlighted MRC substantiation of the IAB assertion that 100 percent viewability was not yet feasible.

At the request of the 3MS leadership team, the 4A’s hosted a measurement town hall meeting in September. The session covered viewability and emphasized the distinction between fraud and viewability. It also addressed the work being done to improve measurement through the identification and filtration of invalid traffic from impression counting. The IAB Board of Directors Subcommittee on Viewability, renamed the IAB Board of Directors Subcommittee on Revenue Strategy in 2015, has also discussed how to communicate to the market the progress that has been made and where there are still hurdles. In addition, in October, the 3MS Educational Forum did a deep dive on a successful case study of viewability implementation by PGA Tour Digital.

Viewability is now currency, and with MRC oversight, measurement vendors are now improving their processes so outputs between vendors will be more closely aligned.

Defining Viewability for Mobile

Moving forward with the development and writing of a standard for mobile viewable impressions is critically important to Making Measurement Make Sense, as mobile usage and ad revenue climb. In addition, the MRC found that the biggest source of variance across vendor viewable impression measurement at a campaign level was the combining of desktop and mobile viewable impression counts in one line item.

In May, the MRC issued “Interim Guidance on Mobile Viewable Impression Measurement.” The document was created at the request of IAB and answers key recurring questions about mobile viewability measurement. It posits that, in all likelihood, the viewability standard for mobile web and in-app display and video ads will be the same as for desktop. However, the MRC does note that the industry work and research on the standard is still ahead of us. The mobile viewable impression measurement guideline is slated for completion in early 2016.


Public Policy and Advocacy

Throughout the year, IAB worked actively with our reelected congressional champions and established direct connections with new members of Congress under the leadership of Mike Zaneis, former Executive Vice President, Public Policy and General Counsel, IAB. After nine years, Zaneis left IAB in August to helm the Trustworthy Accountability Group (TAG). He leaves the IAB public policy efforts in good hands: In December, IAB appointed Dave Grimaldi as the trade organization’s new Executive Vice President of Public Policy and head of its Washington, D.C., office. Grimaldi was previously the Director of Public Affairs for Pandora and will spearhead the IAB advocacy efforts in support of consumer privacy, data security, supply chain safety, advertising taxation, and other major regulatory and legislative issues. He assumes the role in January 2016 and will ensure that IAB members’ voices are represented before Congress, as well as at key agencies including the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and Federal Communications Commission (FCC).

Washington, D.C.

In 2015, the IAB Political Action Committee actively supported elected officials who have traditionally championed the digital advertising industry. This backing will be of growing importance as the Public Policy Office focuses on several major legislative initiatives.

Ads Alliance Political Action Committee 

Early in 2015, IAB successfully merged its Political Action Committee (PAC) with the joint 4A’s/ANA PAC to form the ADs Alliance Political Action Committee (AD PAC). The AD PAC begins with a major capitalization of over $100,000 and will allow the digital advertising industry to help educate members of Congress.

FDA and Drug Risk Information in Advertising 

IAB sought clearer guidance from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on appropriate ways for pharmaceutical companies to advertise products in space- limited digital advertising formats. In an unprecedented move, the FDA hosted a meeting with its senior officials, where IAB and several member companies presented the benefits to patients when they receive drug information via online advertising. The uncertainty around FDA enforcement over existing restrictions costs the digital media industry hundreds of millions in advertising dollars each year.

Mitigating Tax Risks

The CFO Council continued its work on advertising technology tax risks. More and more members are being targeted by state and local tax authorities in an attempt to classify revenues associated with their advertising exchange services as “software” or “information services” and therefore taxable. The CFO Council invited Richard Leavy, tax attorney at Sidley Austin, to address the council on the matter, and the council continues to lobby on our members’ behalf.

Mobile Center Fly-In

In April, the IAB hosted the fourth annual Washington, D.C., Mobile Center Fly-In. In conjunction, IAB sponsored the State of the Net Wireless conference, with a panel featuring several Mobile Center members talking about the latest in the mobile space. It was widely attended by congressional staff and key industry policy representatives and featured a full day of meetings in both the House and Senate. The group met with congressmen, senators, and key staff working on front-burner issues, including data breach, trade, location, privacy, and tax deductibility legislation.

Small Publisher Fly-In

In June, IAB brought small publishers from 20 states to Capitol Hill for the Seventh Annual IAB Small Publisher Conference and Fly-In. Participants immersed themselves in the hottest topics in digital: viewability, fraud, video, mobile, local, social, and more. The publishers also had an opportunity to meet with legislators about the challenges, concerns, and impact that adverse legislation and regulation may have on their businesses. The Long Tail Alliance now includes over 1,160 members. By convening this meeting, IAB showed policymakers the real difference that these small businesses are making in the national economy and in employment levels.

Beyond the Beltway

The IAB Public Policy Office expanded its national and international agenda as more of the policies affecting the future of the internet and the digital advertising industry originate in state legislative bodies and in foreign and intergovernmental agencies.

Addressing Regulation in the State of California

California still continues to present a serious regulatory threat to the digital advertising industry. Several state bills and public initiatives would severely limit the way the industry is able to collect and use data. In response, IAB invested in the creation of a California office in 2015. Based in San Francisco and staffed by an IAB lead state lobbyist, the office provides the industry with a major advocacy platform.

Expanding the International Agenda

Digital knows no borders and there continue to be a number of regulatory priorities at the international level. The IAB Public Policy Office has coordinated a global policy strategy with our international counterparts to more effectively advocate for the digital advertising industry before foreign governmental agencies. These efforts bore fruit recently when U.S. negotiators were able to finalize language with 11 of their Trans-Pacific trading partners on an agreement to expand the flow of goods (including digital goods and advertising) across international borders. This agreement still faces several legislative hurdles, and IAB will be lobbying Congress for swift approval.

Modernizing International Trade Agreements

IAB is committed to supporting the modernization of international trade agreements to serve the needs of the industry. Current trade agreements fail to adequately protect the digital ecosystem from anticompetitive policies. IAB had been working with the United States Trade Representatives on a new framework to strengthen the Safe Harbor program. In a distressing setback, a European Union court recently invalidated the Safe Harbor Program, which had provided protections for thousands of U.S. companies that transact business in the European Union and pass data across these international boundaries. The decision leaves multinational members in legal limbo. Our efforts on this front are more important than ever as the European court has told companies that they will begin to enforce the data-sharing restrictions as early as February 2016.


IAB Members

We thank all of our members for their support throughout the year. With their leadership and participation, the influence of IAB on the industry will continue to grow. Twenty fifteen marked the first year the IAB General Membership criteria was expanded to include companies that “sell, distribute, or optimize digital advertising or marketing programs.” As a result, a number of previously Associate Member companies are now General Members and eligible to vote for and serve on the IAB Board of Directors, as well as chair IAB committees and councils.

General Members


5min Media
A&E Television Networks
ABC News
ABC TV Network
Absolute Punk
Accordant Media
Adaptive Media ADARA, Inc.
AdLarge Media
AdTaxi Networks
Advance Local
Advanstar Communications
Advertising Age
Affinity Express
Altitude Digital
AMC Networks Digital
American City Business Journals
American Express Publishing
American Media, Inc.
AOL Platforms
Apple Inc. (iAd)
AT&T AdWorks
Audience Entertainment
Audience Partners
AXS Digital
Baltimore Sun
Batanga Media
BBC Worldwide
Beachfront Media
BET Networks
Bionic Advertising
BlackBerry Limited
Bloomberg Businessweek
BlueLink Marketing
Brides Magazine
Burst Media Corporation
Cablevision Media Sales
Cablevision Systems
Canoe Ventures
CBS Interactive
CBS Local
Chicago Tribune
College Degree Helper
Comcast Spotlight
Comedy Central
Complex Media
Concrete Loop
Condé Nast
Conversant Media
Core Audience
Cox Media Group
Cox Media Inc.
Cox Reps
Crain Communications
CSO Online


Daily Press Daily
Defy Media
Delivery Agent
Demand Media
Demandbase Departures
Details Magazine
Digital First Media
Digital Photography Review
Discovery Communications
Disney Interactive
Dominion Digital Media
Dow Jones & Company (Wall Street Journal)
Earth Networks
eBay Enterprise
Electric Sheep
Electronic Arts
Entertainment Weekly
Essence Magazine
Everyday Health
Expedia Media Solutions
Experian Marketing Services
Extreme Reach
eyeReturn Marketing
EyeSee, Lda
FaceCake Marketing Technologies
Fast Company
Federated Media
Financial Times
Firefly Video
First Look Media
Food & Wine
Forbes Media
FOX Networks Group
FOX News Channel
G/O Digital
Gawker Media
Genome from Yahoo!
Goldspot Media
Golf Digest
Golf Magazine
Goodway Group
GQ Magazine
Grab Media
GSN Games
Hanley Wood
Hartford Courant
Harvard Business Review
Hearst Magazines Digital Media
HyprMX Mobile
I-5 Publishing
IDG Communications
IDG Consumer & SMB
IDG Enterprise
IDG Entertainment
IDG TechNetwork Idolator
IGN Entertainment iHeartMedia
Incisent Labs Group LLC
Index Exchange InfoWorld
Investor’s Business Daily
Jumpstart Automotive Media
Jun Group
Just Jared
Just Jared Jr.
JW Player
Kantar Media
Kelley Blue Book
LA Times
LIN Digital
Liquid powered by Publishers Clearing House
Lithium | Klout


Live Nation
Local Corporation
Lonely Planet
Major League Gaming
Maker Studios
Mansueto Ventures
Markit On Demand
Martini Media
Match Media Group
Matomy Media
Media Lodge
Mediative a division of Yellow Pages DMS Limited
Medicx Media Solutions
Medula Network
Meebo Inc.
Meredith Digital
Microsoft Advertising
Midroll Media
Millennial Media
Mirror Image Internet
Mobile Theory
MODE Media
Moguldom Media Group
Moko Social Media
Move, Inc.
National Geographic
National Public Media
Nature Publishing Group
NCC Media
Network World
New York Post
New York Public Radio
News Corporation
News Distribution Network
Nexstar Digital
Opera Mediaworks
Orange Advertising
Orlando Sentinel
Outfront Media
OWN: The Oprah Winfrey Network
Patch Media
PC World
People En Espanol
Phunware Advertising
PK4 Media
PowerLinks Media
Prisa Digital
PROXi Digital
Qualia Media
Radar Online
Rakuten Marketing LLC
Reader’s Digest Association Interactive
Real Media Group
Real Simple
Resonate Insights
Rhythm NewMedia
Rocket Fuel

Rubicon Project
Salesforce Marketing Cloud
Samsung Electronics America, Inc.
SAS Institute
Scripps Networks Interactive
Selectable Media
Small Business Loan Center
Smart AdServer
Smiley Media
Snap Technologies Inc.
Social Reality
Socialite Life
Sony Pictures Television
Southern Living
Specific Media
Speed Shift Media
Sports Illustrated
Studio One
Summit Professional Networks
Sundance Channel
Supersonic Synacor
Taunton Interactive
Technorati Media
Terra Networks USA
The Associated Press
The Daily News
The Economist
The Exchange Lab
The Huffington Post
The Madison Square Garden Company
The Morning Call
The New York Times Company
The New Yorker
The Superficial
The Trade Desk
The Wall Street Journal Digital Network
The Weather Channel
Thinknear by Telenav
This Old House
Thomson-Reuters Time Inc.
Time Out America
Time Warner Cable
Time Warner Cable Media
Tremor Video
Triad Retail Media
Tribal Fusion
Tribune Company
Tribune Publishing
Triton Digital
true[X] media
Tubular Labs
Turn Inc.
Turner Broadcasting System
Univision Communications Inc.
US News & World Report
V12 Group
Verizon Wireless
Verve Mobile
Viant Inc./ Vindico
Vibrant Media
Viewster AG
Vindigo, Inc.

Associate Members

Ace Metrix
Active International
Archer Advisors
Are You a Human
Bartle Bogle Hegarty
BPA Worldwide
CDK Digital Marketing
Deloitte & Touche, LLP

Distil Networks
Dun & Bradstreet
DWA Media
Efficient Frontier
Ernst & Young
Fuisz Media
GET IT Mobile
GfK North America
Havas Media
ImServices Group
Integral Ad Science
IPG Mediabrands
Kantar Video

Kinetic Active
Loeb & Loeb LLP
Magna Global
MEC Global
Media Rating Council
Millward Brown Digital
Newspaper Association of America
Opera Software
Outsourced Ad Ops
Paradysz + PM Digital
Pay Day Cash Tree
Prohaska Consulting
Psychology College Degree

Research Now
Revolution Messaging
Rokkan Media LLC
Sorenson Media
Strategy & (formerly Booz & Company)
Szabo Associates, Inc
Television Bureau of Advertising
The Center For Sales Strategy
The Estee Lauder Companies
The Integer Group
The Media Trust Company
Varick Media Management
Visual IQ
White Ops
Winterberry Group

New General Members

AdGear Technologies, Inc.
Adtile Technologies
BlogTalk Radio
Bounce Exchange
C1 Exchange
Cable One Advertising
Cedato Technologies Ltd
Clear Channel Outdoor
Click-Video LLC
Cofactor Digital
Coull Ltd
DGital Media

Genesis Media
Gimbal Inc.
Haymarket Media
Imminent Digital
Inneractive LTD
JUICE Mobile
KBM Group
Kochava Inc.
Madison Logic
MeritDirect, LLC
National Football League (NFL)

Pebble Post
Phluid Media
Placester, Inc.
PubNative GmbH
Shareablee, Inc.
She Knows
Site Tour
Skyhook Wireless

Sublime Skinz
Tavant Technologies
The Guardian
The Mobile Majority
The Onion
The Wireless Registry
Trivver, Inc
Ve Interactive
Venturist Media Inc. dba Andbeyond. media
ViralGains, Inc.
WebbMason, Inc.
Wikia, Inc.
Woven Digital

New Associate Members

Authenticated Digital
Avant Digital Media
Ayuda Media Systems, Inc.

Dell Inc.
First Haven Media
Innocean Worldwide

Management Science Associates
Media Management Inc.
RADS Media

Sales Athlete Media Network
Secret Media Inc
TiVo Research
Uprise Technologies LTD

Tech Lab Members

All IAB U.S. General Members are automatically members of the IAB Tech Lab.

Additional members include:


Authenticated Digital
Double Verify

The Media Trust

Integral Ad Science
Improve Digital

Yahoo! Japan


2015 Committees and Councils

Through the efforts of committees and councils in various industry segments, IAB helps drive the industry forward. These groups include the brightest minds in the industry and work together to develop solutions that improve the interactive advertising and marketing ecosystem for everyone.

IAB COMMITTEES are based on specific platforms within the digital advertising medium. Committee members work together to prove platform value or simplify the processes for buying, selling, and creating interactive advertising.

IAB COUNCILS are based on a specific industry role within members’ organizations. Council members share best practices and develop tools to improve efficiency, provide thought leadership, and grow digital advertising.


Committees and Councils

Ad Ops Council

James Deaker, Yahoo, Co-Chair
Michael Stoekel, The New York Times Company, Co-Chair

Advanced TV Committee

Chris Falkner, NBCUniversal, Co-Chair
Adam Lowy, DISH, Co-Chair

Advertising Technology Council

Jonathan Bellack, Google, Co-Chair
Jay Sears, Rubicon Project, Co-Chair

Audio Committee

Scott Liss, iHeartMedia, Co-Chair
Douglas Sterne, Pandora, Co-Chair

B2B Committee

Andrew Goldman, LinkedIn, Co-Chair
Louis Moynihan, Demandbase, Co-Chair
Steve Suthiana, Mansueto Ventures, Co-Chair

CFO Council

Data Council

Khurrum Malik, Facebook, Chair

Digital Video Committee

Matthew B. Corbin, Facebook, Co-Chair
Danielle Lee, VEVO, Co-Chair

Games Committee

Kym Nelson, Twitch, Co-Chair
Ari Brandt, Mediabrix, Co-Chair
Julie Shumaker, Zynga, Co-Chair

Legal Affairs Council

Steve Hicks, Ziff Davis, LLC, Chair

Local Committee

Kristen Berke, Tribune
Publishing, Chair

Mobile Advertising Committee

Sol Masch, Time Inc., Chair

Multicultural Council

Liz Blacker, iHeartMedia, Co-Chair
Diego Antista, Google, Co-Chair

Native Advertising/Content Committee

Performance Marketing Committee

John Busby, Marchex, Co-Chair
Dave Tan, Google, Co-Chair

Programmatic Council

Bob Arnold, Google, Co-Chair
Jason White, CBS Interactive, Co-Chair
Jason Fairchild, OpenX, Co-Chair

Public Policy Council

Research Council

Stephanie Fried, Discovery Communications, Co-Chair
Daniel Murphy, Univision Communications Inc., Co-Chair

Sales Executive Council

Brian J. Quinn, Triad Retail Media, Chair

Social Media Committee

Carine Roman, LinkedIn, Co-Chair
Christine Cuoco, Twitter, Co-Chair

Tablet Advertising Committee

Ned Newhouse, Condé Nast, Chair

TASK FORCES are created to address an industry challenge or topic that is emerging and requires discussion, definition, and development from an IAB perspective. The groups may transition into a committee or council should the topic require numerous and longterm resources. Task forces are made up mostly of invited members and may include nonmember partners should their expertise be required to move forward.

WORKING GROUPS are formed by members of committees and councils. They are smaller, more focused groups of members and aim to complete a project, initiative, or committee action that requires member contributions.

ADVISORY BOARDS serve as guidance to committees, councils, or initiatives. These groups are invitation-only and include highly knowledgeable leaders active in IAB initiatives.


Working Groups, Task Forces and Advisory Boards

Accounts Receivable Working Group
Ad Blocking Work Group
Ad Effectiveness Studies Working Group
Ad Ops Advisory Board
Audio Events Working Group
CFO Tax Working Group
Compensation Working Group
Consumer Perception of
Data Working Group
Cross Platform Ad Effectiveness Research Working Group
Cross Platform Measurement Issues Working Group
Data Measurement Research Working Group
Data Primer 2.0 Working Group
Digital Video Ad Format Guidelines Working Group
Digital Video Emerging Tech Focus Group
Digital Video Technical Standards Working Group

Display Creative Guidelines Working Group
Facial Recognition Privacy Task Force
IAB Dynamic Content Ad Standards Working Group
Local Buyers Guide Working Group
Mobile Ads QA App Working Group
Mobile Location Data Publisher’s Guide Working Group
Mobile Location Data Working Group
Mobile Measurement Task Force
Mobile Research Working Group
Mobile Rich Media Ad
Interface Definitions (MRAID) Working Group
Mobile User Acquisition Working Group
Mobile Video Task Force
Modernizing Measurement Task Force

Native Advertising Agency Task Force
Native Advertising Playbook – V2 Working Group
Open Direct Working Group
OpenRTB Native Working Group
OpenRTB Working Group
OpenVV Work Group
Podcast Business Working Group
Podcast Technical Working Group
Programmatic Fee Transparency Working Group
Programmatic Video Working Group
Research Advisory Board
SafeFrame Implementation Working Group
Social Media Measurement Guidelines Working Group (MRC)
Taxonomy and Mapping Work Group

What are the main outputs of committee and council work?


White Papers, Best Practices and Buyer’s Guides
These documents serve to define, help people understand, or provide an update on a particular industry platform or topic. White papers tend to provide an industry overview and perspective on a platform, problem, or process. Best practices are determined by a group of IAB industry experts and are benchmarks or proven methodologies to approaching a platform process, industry workflow, or common practice. Buyer’s guides are designed to be the definitive industry guide for anyone who wants to learn about using digital media to advertise within a specific platform or technology. This resource usually includes information such as market statistics, metrics commonly used, and successful ad campaigns.

Technical Specifications
IAB creative ad formats and technical specifications provide consistency in ad formats and delivery methods (usually in the form of code) so the marketplace can realize efficiencies of scale in ad buying, selling, and ad creation. These standards apply to publishers, other media sellers, and technology vendors.

Implementation Guidelines
Upon the completion of a technical specification, an implementation guideline provides organizations with a clear template for applying and adopting IAB standards into their business practices.


IAB Committees and Councils at Work

Composed of representatives from IAB member companies, committees and councils drive the industry forward in key industry segments with in-depth research, best practices development, thought leadership, and other essential activities. In 2015, these groups were instrumental in developing practical and scalable solutions for the benefit of everyone in our industry, particularly in the areas of native advertising, programmatic, digital audio, and data.

Native Advertising and Social Media

In-feed native ads continued to be an integral part of reaching the consumer in 2015. In July, a working group of 30 Native Advertising Task Force members published the “Deep Dive on In-Feed Ad Units,” a supplement to the Native Advertising Playbook. This paper examined different permutations of in-feed ads, highlighting the need for advertisers to ensure that the ad type and the ad experience fit within a given publisher’s environment/UX to meet the advertiser’s goals. Published in August, “Disclosure, Disclosed: How Leading Web Properties Disclose In-Feed Ads,” a snapshot view of the comScore Top 100 Most Visited Web Properties (desktop only), showed that leading web properties appear to be paying attention to helping consumers understand when they are viewing in-feed ads, using language and other visual disclosure cues to distinguish ads from surrounding publisher editorial content.

On the social media front, IAB worked with the Media Rating Council to create a new Social Media Measurement Guidelines working group, in association with the 4A’s and the Word of Mouth Marketing Association (WOMMA).

Demystifying Programmatic

For 2015, the Programmatic Council focused its main efforts on education, mobile, and making private marketplaces work better. In partnership with the IAB Learning and Development team, the one-day Advanced Programmatic training program for direct sellers and buyers continued its roll-out across the country with training sessions held in Washington, D.C., New York, San Francisco, and Chicago. Among the Programmatic Council’s particular emphases was the Making Private Marketplaces Work Better initiative. The council released a Private Marketplace Checklist with the goal of ensuring that buyers and sellers are aligned on what they are trying to achieve from their private marketplaces and that they appropriately assess whether it is the right channel to transact through before moving ahead. The checklist provides a list of issues that buyers and sellers need to discuss and agree to in order to ensure ROI from their private marketplaces. The work is seeing widespread adoption in the marketplace.

Expanding on the release of the “Digital Audio Buyer’s Guide” in April 2015, the Digital Audio Committee brought this valuable resource to life at three Digital Audio Days: in Los Angeles at Spotify’s headquarters in May, in Dallas at the Dallas Entrepreneur Center on Aug. 5, and in Chicago on November 10 at the Wit Hotel. Each event independently reached more than 100 marketers, media executives, and content providers, who heard from industry leaders, examined research supporting the growing digital audio market, learned from creative campaign best practices, and gained insights on rising and developing trends in digital audio. Audio has taken its rightful place in the big leagues of digital advertising and content, and IAB leadership has been key in that maturation process.


The Game Advertising Committee took its show on the road this year to communicate the value and scale of gaming as an advertising medium. In May, Susan Borst, Director of Industry Initiatives, moderated a panel titled “Game Advertising for Brands: Now’s the Time to Reframe the Conversation” with EA, Microsoft Xbox, and Twitch at the LA Games Conference. The committee was also represented at the New York Media Festival on October 8, with a panel including representatives from AerServ, HyprMX, ironSource, MediaBrix, and TreSensa. The article “Five Ways to Get More Brands in the Advertising Game,” published after the event, focused on spreading the word about the premium nature of games and the opportunities for brands.


Made up of professionals from a diverse range of digital sectors including email and messaging, search, lead generation, and others, the Performance Committee joined forces with the IAB Mobile Center to host an important industry conversation on attribution in November. Because media campaigns follow the liquid consumer audience from screen to screen, understanding the cumulative impact of media and messaging grows ever more complex. This town hall meeting gave participants a thorough understanding of the state of attribution and started to shape an IAB agenda for this important topic in 2016.


In June, the Native Advertising Task Force held a town hall titled “Winning Strategies for B2B and Native.” Speakers from 6Sense, Adobe, Adweek, Demandbase, eXelate, Forbes, IBM, Nativo, Polar Polls, and SmartBrief took to the stage to discuss pain points such as targeting, data, and distribution as well as unique opportunities for engagement, lead generation, and sales. On Oct. 19, partnering with the Mobile Center of Excellence, Demandbase, Haymarket Media Group, Fast Company, LinkedIn, Madison Logic, Medialets, Polar Polls, and Shareablee provided deep insights and concrete examples of the role and importance of mobile for B2B marketers.


In October, the Data Council released a major study, “Data as Competitive Advantage.” This study, conducted with the Winterberry Group and supported by Accordant Media, AddThis, Dun & Bradstreet, Oracle Marketing Cloud, Alliant, Connexity, and SAS, features insights from more than 100 executive-level thought leaders representing all segments of the advertising, marketing, media, and technology industries. It explores how data adds value across various traditional, digital, and omnichannel use cases. The study includes special emphasis on the methods that sophisticated companies are applying to extract meaningful competitive advantage from their first- and third-party data assets as well as what best practices data users uphold as they seek to elevate data’s contribution to the marketing enterprise.

Advertisers and technologists have a multibillion dollar opportunity to create better, more engaging, and more useful marketing experiences for consumers in today’s fragmented, technology-driven media market. IAB is the only organization that can host this conversation and connect the dots among brands, marketers, publishers, agencies, and technology companies to educate all sides of the industry, and jumpstart the type of meaningful collaboration that elevates advertising earlier in the development process.


Mobile Marketing Center of Excellence

The global mobile marketplace is growing at an unprecedented rate. Mobile advertising accounted for almost $31.9 billion in 2014 global advertising revenue, compared with $19.3 billion in 2013— 65 percent year-on-year growth, according to “Global Mobile Advertising Revenue 2014: The State of Mobile Advertising Around the World,” a report prepared for IAB by IHS Technology and released in August.

Under the leadership of Anna Bager, Senior Vice President, IAB, and General Manager, Mobile and Video Centers, the Mobile Marketing Center of Excellence continues to foster the mobile advertising industry’s growth on a number of fronts.

Mobile Programmatic

Early in 2015, the IAB Mobile Center of Excellence released its first “Mobile Programmatic Playbook,” a guide for marketers, media companies, and others in the digital ad ecosystem to the ins and outs of programmatic buying and selling of media in the mobile world. It outlines ways that mobile programmatic is similar to programmatic buying in general as well as areas where it diverges, such as lack of cookies and the importance of location data. The playbook will serve all IAB members who can add to their educational and sales materials.

Exploring the Myths of Mobile Video

In June, IAB released “Mobile Video Usage: A Global Perspective,” a comprehensive survey of consumers from 24 countries around the world who watch videos on smartphones. Contrary to popular perception, mobile screens are regularly being tapped for streaming longer- form video: 36 percent of total respondents said they watch videos that are five minutes or longer on their phones daily or more frequently, with smartphone video viewers in Turkey, Finland, China, Russia, and Singapore being particularly frequent viewers of such videos. The study also examined popular video content genres, locations, and times of day when people watch videos and attitudes toward advertising in the context of mobile video content.

Making Mobile Work in an Omniscreen World

In July, the IAB Mobile Center relaunched the Make Mobile Work initiative with a series of webinars aimed at providing marketers and agencies with practical, jargon-free advice on how to make mobile advertising work for them in the increasingly omniscreen world. The first two webinars were a great success, attracting 300 attendees each to learn about how to succeed with mobile video and cross-device measurement. The last webinar in this series was on tactics for app promotion campaigns in December.

Reaching Local Audiences

The Mobile Center published the “Local Buyer’s Guide: Practical Advice for Advertising Targeted to Digital Local Audiences.” This aims to be the definitive industry guide for anyone who wants to learn about using digital to advertise to local audiences and to understand local digital media’s growth, evolution, sophistication, and burgeoning opportunities. The report includes data relevant to large national brands, small and medium-sized businesses, as well as regional-to-global ad agencies.

Mobile Metrics and Engagement

This year the Mobile Marketing Center of Excellence released the Video Addendum to the IAB Mobile Rich Media Ad Interface Definitions (MRAID) standard. This specification creates a new standard that facilitates running and tracking metrics for Video Player Ad-Serving Interface Definition (VPAID) video within MRAID interstitial ads. Adoption of the Video Addendum will help more publishers add mobile video inventory, while simplifying ad creation, delivery, and measurement of mobile.

The Mobile Center published a Digital Simplified report that explains mobile ad engagement metrics and helps bring order and clarity to industry conversations about consumer engagement on mobile screens. This piece builds on the groundbreaking “Defining and Measuring Digital Ad Engagement in a Cross-Platform World,” released in February 2014, by highlighting and reinforcing mobile-specific engagement metrics, as well as indicating ways that measuring engagement on smartphones and tablets diverges from the desktop.

Also published was the third in an ongoing series of surveys of senior marketer decision-makers called “Marketer Perceptions of Mobile Advertising, 2015 Edition,” which looked at a wide range of mobile topics, including spending level, opportunities and challenges, success metrics, and ad formats for mobile. The study included questions on mobile programmatic and emerging devices such as wearables. Conducted repeatedly over five years, the study offers a view of marketers’ evolving thoughts on mobile and validates the idea that the Mobile Center’s priorities reflect those of marketers.

IAB Annual Report 2015 37

IAB Research

The research produced by IAB helps guide and advance the digital media and advertising industry by delivering information that our members and partners need to build brands and businesses.

IAB Annual Report 2015 14

Building Brands Digitally

Work continues on enabling brand advertisers to embrace the new digital media mix enthusiastically, as the challenge of measuring, executing at scale, and building great creative is still resulting in under-investment in digital. To address these issues, under the leadership of Executive Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer David Doty, IAB is helping members on a number of fronts to lead brands through programs designed to make it easier to buy, create, deploy, and measure engaging digital advertising.

Digital Advertising Topology

At the start of the year, IAB released its three-part digital advertising typology at the IAB Annual Leadership Meeting, recognizing that the digital advertising market has divided into three types of advertising that marketers use to achieve strategic objectives: concept ads, content ads, and commerce ads. The industry was urged to master this framework as it will help simplify the planning of advertising and marketing and make strategy, media, and creative execution come together more effectively in pursuit of marketers’ goals of awareness, consideration, and purchase.

Rising Stars and Ad Products

“The Rising Stars Ads and Brand Equity Study”, released by IAB in January 2015, proved that these concept ad formats deliver higher interaction (five times longer gaze duration and three times higher interaction rate), which drives greater effectiveness (four times ad recall and 29.5 percent greater brand lift). In addition, the research found that Rising Stars ads achieve this level of performance while also being seen as less intrusive and less annoying than legacy ad banners, owing to better creative, more viewer control, and greater choice.

The Ad Product Advisory Board, in cooperation with the IAB Tech Lab, advanced its initiatives designed to enable marketers to use ads more effectively. The Dynamic Ad Component Standards Workshop hosted by Yahoo in Silicon Valley was attended by experts from across the ecosystem and work began on standards to help drive content advertising at scale.

Silicon Valley Meets Madison Avenue

In June, IAB released “Madison Avenue Meets Silicon Valley and Silicon Alley: Building Collaboration Between Creativity and Technology,” a report that crystallizes insights and advice on how best to bridge the gap between creativity and technology to build better, more sustainable consumer advertising experiences. These learnings came from West and East Coast summits of the IAB Agency Advisory Board (a team of 36 senior executives from across the creative and media- buying arenas) that included some of the biggest names in the technology, publishing, agency, venture capital, and marketing communities. Ron Conway, founder of SV Angel, a premiere San Francisco-based angel investment firm, and Michael Lebowitz, founder and CEO of Big Spaceship, an award-winning digital agency headquartered in Brooklyn, and Chair of the IAB Agency Advisory Board, married their perspectives in the paper’s foreword and urged all parties to “champion new ways to drive collaboration across technology and advertising.” The paper also identified nine vital takeaways that can help both advertisers and technology companies foster greater internal and external collaboration, as Silicon Valley and Madison Avenue need to learn to work better together. The recommendations include understanding a new consumer paradigm, bringing innovation in-house, and being willing to fail.


For the third year in a row, IAB grew its presence at the Cannes Lions Festival of Creativity with its popular “Liquid Creativity” explorations, this time shining the spotlight intensely on digital video. Randall Rothenberg was joined on stage by Danielle Lee from Vevo and Athan Stephanopoulos from NowThis Media to share real-world learnings on cutting-edge content creation and distribution. Anna Bager, Senior Vice President and General Manager of Mobile and Video Centers, IAB, spent a full day moderating sessions at the Cannes Lions Innovation Festival. IAB also hosted an invitation-only party honoring Elizabeth Weil from Andreessen Horowitz at the Hôtel Martinez, which was sponsored by YuMe.

That same evening, IAB and YuMe released “Digital Advertising Audiences: The New ‘Liquid Consumer’ Paradigm.” A white paper produced in cooperation with the IAB Agency Advisory Board that taps into top creative, brand, agency, and publishing leadership for insights and guidance on navigating the new “liquid audiences” that discover content across a range of mediums, devices, and platforms.


For more than 10 years, the IAB MIXX Awards has been a beacon of where the industry is going and a benchmark of outstanding achievement. Michael Lebowitz, Founder and CEO of Big Spaceship, served as the 2015 IAB MIXX Awards jury chair, leading a cross-industry panel of 38 judges consisting of creative luminaries, brand marketing powerhouses, and blue-chip publishers in the selection process. This year’s most sought-after IAB MIXX Award—the Best-in-Show prize—went to the ALS Association for “The ALS Ice Bucket Challenge.” The winners of the 2015 IAB MIXX Awards demonstrate how imagination and technology can be woven together to move hearts and minds. The work represents the finest in digital marketing the world over and will surely influence the next generation of marketing campaigns.

What Works and Why

In April, IAB released the second edition of “What Works and Why: IAB MIXX Awards 2015 Insights Report,” which provided analysis from the awards’ elite panel of industry judges on select Gold-winning campaigns in branding, video, mobile, data, and various techniques and technologies. Alongside 14 campaign case studies and video interviews, the report highlights best practices across digital channels and explores emerging trends that will be critical to interactive marketing in the years to come.

As digital becomes more of a borderless medium every day, marketers need a global playbook for best practices and creative insights. In September, IAB expanded the conversation on marketing creativity by releasing the “IAB What Works and Why—Global Insights Report,” which explores case studies from 24 award-winning ad campaigns from around the world. It also features expert commentary from 28 international digital marketing and media leaders. The report focuses on the theme of “The Allure of Authenticity and Creativity” in interactive advertising and presents campaigns curated from various international IAB MIXX Awards programs and other similar honors around the world. It highlights both the art and science necessary to create authentic digital marketing that resonates with cross-border, or global audiences, and is a valuable tool for agencies and marketers for learning how best to leverage the opportunities presented by publishers.


Thought Leadership: Events

Uniting Big Ideas with the People Who Bring Them to Life

At IAB, events are convening platforms for industry thought leadership and attract the most important innovators in the industry to the stage. In 2015, more than 7,000 media executives and digital influencers from around the globe attended more than 100 IAB events and conferences.

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IAB International

Digital without Borders

Twenty fifteen was a year of strong collaboration for the IAB Global Network. Now made up of 44 organizations across six continents, the network’s cooperative working relationships further the needs of hundreds of corporate members in critical areas and serves as an international platform for sharing information and creating content on ad technology, policy, and thought leadership.

The international team, led by IAB Executive Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer David Doty and Senior Director of International Alexandra Salomon, aims to further the overall mission of IAB and to serve the interactive ad industry globally by advancing global thought leadership, promoting IAB certification and training programs, expanding the IAB brand into strategic markets, and encouraging self-regulation and public policy.

Expanding Influence of the Global Network

As a confirmation of that evolution in influence and cooperation, more than 100 participants from 35 countries converged at this year’s annual IAB Global Summit on September 30 and October 1, 2015, in New York City. Joining the IAB leaders were members of the IAB Board of Directors as well as members of IAB branches across the globe, including publishers, ad tech companies, and creative agencies. Over the two days, spirited town hall discussions focused on ways the global network can work in partnership on solutions and to find new inspiration and ideas. The most important theme was how to collaborate globally on ad blocking, bringing together voices from the U.S., U.K., IAB Europe, and other places around the globe.

Adding insights to the summit were keynote presentations from such industry visionaries as Sophie Kelly, former Chief Executive Officer, the Barbarian Group; Frank Cooper, Chief Marketing and Chief Creative Officer, BuzzFeed; and Elizabeth Weil, Partner, Andreessen Horowitz. The IAB Global Summit provided an excellent platform for the release of several important initiatives, such as the “IAB What Works and Why: Global Insight Report” (see Building Brands Digitally) and the “IAB State of the Digital Video World,” a first-of-its-kind report examining the important role that mobile and programmatic play on video platforms in 19 markets around the globe.

Ad Blocking and LEAN: A Truly Global Initiative

With ad blocking emerging as a dominant global issue in 2015, the entire IAB international community united to address the issue with the global rollout of the LEAN Ad Principles, a program established by the IAB Tech Lab (see page 7 for more on LEAN). The IAB Tech Lab hosted a series of international town halls around ad blocking to obtain feedback and guidance for LEAN. IAB UK, IAB Europe, IAB France, and IAB Germany worked very closely with the IAB Tech Lab to lay the groundwork for global advertising standards creation and execution around the LEAN Ad Principles to optimize user experience and address the industry’s global ad blocking challenge. The conversation began at the Global Summit when Scott Cunningham, General Manager of the IAB Tech Lab, moderated a town hall on ad blocking. The objective of the discussion was to identify ways to help publishers, agencies, and marketers best protect their interests while respecting consumers’ concerns.

IAB International: Portugal

Headquartered in Lisbon and helmed by Bernardo Rodo, Managing Director of OMD Portugal, IAB Portugal kicked off in January with its Leadership Conference opening up industrywide discussion and debate on the current digital media landscape to align with global IAB initiatives. With David Doty in attendance, the event was hosted in partnership with the country’s leading business newspaper, Jornal de Negócios, with the support of major members such as Google and Microsoft, as well as major Portuguese publishers and global agencies including GroupM, OMD, and others.

Mobile World Congress

In March, IAB expanded its international events footprint by holding its inaugural one-day summit at the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona, partnering with Facebook and Nasdaq. IAB at Mobile World Congress attracted a full house of mobile professionals who came to hear keynote speakers such as Gerry D’Angelo, European Media Director of Mondelēz International; Sarah Personette, Head of Global Business Marketing, Facebook; Bob Pittman, Chairman and CEO, iHeartMedia; Russell Rubino, Vice President of Global Marketing, Nasdaq; Randall Rothenberg, President and CEO, IAB; and David Sable, Global CEO of Y&R. They debated the future of mobile advertising and the issues driving (or preventing) its growth, from measurement to wearables and from “walled gardens” to better creative.

Overall, 2015 marked a growing spirit of collaboration in the international marketplace with lots of opportunities for publishers, marketers, and agencies to participate in driving the industry forward. One particularly outstanding case, the “Digital Advertising in the European Economy,” shows the importance of jobs attributable to digital advertising in Europe and gives a qualitative perspective on digital innovation. IAB expects increased activities in all these countries and across borders in 2016 and beyond to help government entities understand which regulations can be good for the industry and to promote responsible growth.


Expanding Influence

On October 14, 2015, became The new IAB website has more news and information about the most pressing topics in digital, simpler navigation, and a fully responsive design to support tablet and mobile phone browsing. IAB would like to thank BrightRoll, Collective, Google, MediaMath, Rubicon Project, sovrn, Turn, and Yahoo for their generous donation of the domain

IAB Annual Report 2015 20 IAB Annual Report 2015 19

Who is IAB?


Executive Committee 2015

Randall Rothenberg
IAB President and Chief Executive Officer

David Morris
CBS Interactive

Lauren Wiener
Tremor Video
Vice Chairman

Joe Apprendi

Joan Gillman
Time Warner Cable Media

Neal Mohan
The Weather Channel

David Moore

Jim Norton

Scott Schiller

Vivek Shah
Ziff Davis, LLC

Rik van der Kooi


Board of Directors 2015


Michael Barrett
Millennial Media

David Brinker
News Corporation

Paul Caine

Kevin Conroy
Univision Communications Inc.

Frank Cooper

Seth Dallaire

JoryDes Jardins

Mark Ellis
Time Inc.

Rick Erwin

Eric Franchi

Michael Friedenberg

Mark Howard
Forbes Media

Eric Johnson

Meredith Kopit Levien
The New York Times Company

Seth Ladetsky
Turner Broadcasting System

Jean-Philippe Maheu

Kirk McDonald

Harold Morgenstern
Discovery Communications

Marian Pittman
CMG Digital

Penry Price
LinkedInBrad Smallwood
FacebookJeremy Steinberg
The Weather ChannelJohn Trimble
PandoraLisa Utzschneider
Yahoo!Lisa Valentino
Condé NastJacob Weisberg
SlateMike Welch
AT&T AdWorksTroy Young
Hearst Magazines Digital Media

Ex Officio


Stu Ingis
Venable Secretary
Rich LeFurgy
Archer Adviors
Founding Chairman
John Toohey
Time Warner Cable Media Treasurer


Interactive Advertising Bureau
116 East 27th Street, 7th Floor
New York, New York 10016
212 380 4700

The Interactive Advertising Bureau (IAB) empowers the media and marketing industries to thrive in the digital economy. It is comprised of more than 650 leading media and technology companies that are responsible for selling, delivering, and optimizing digital advertising or marketing campaigns. Together, they account for 86 percent of online advertising in the United States. Working with its member companies, IAB develops technical standards and best practices and fields critical research on interactive advertising, while also educating brands, agencies, and the wider business community on the importance of digital marketing. The organization is committed to professional development and elevating the knowledge, skills, expertise, and diversity of the workforce across the industry. Through the work of its public policy office in Washington, D.C., the IAB advocates for its members and promotes the value of the interactive advertising industry to legislators and policymakers. Founded in 1996, the IAB is headquartered in New York City and has a West Coast office in San Francisco.


Randall Rothenberg [email protected]

Patrick Dolan[email protected]

David Doty[email protected]

Dave Grimaldi[email protected]

Anna Bager[email protected]

Scott Cunningham[email protected]

Sherrill Mane [email protected]

Lisa Milgram[email protected]

Michael Theodore[email protected]


Administration & Finance

Mark Goldman
Senior Director, Finance & Administration
[email protected]

Jeanie Carstensen
Senior Director, Finance & Administration
[email protected]

Steven Eheart
Director, Human Resources
[email protected]

Christopher Staley
Senior Manager, Office Operations
[email protected]

Luz Brito
Manager, Finance
[email protected]

Myrna Perez
Coordinator, Finance
[email protected]

Diana Negron
Executive Assistant to the CMO
[email protected]

Kori Reese
Executive Assistant
to the CEO & COO
[email protected]

Advertising Technology

Melissa Gallo
Director of Product, Programmatic Automation & Data
[email protected]

Mayank Mishra
Director, Engineering
[email protected]

Brendan Riordan-Butterworth
Director, Technical Standards
[email protected]

Amit Shetty
Director of Product, Video & Audio
[email protected]

Shailley Singh
Director, Mobile and Ad Products
[email protected]

Yashica Wilson
Director, Enterprise Certification Programs
[email protected]

Colleen Shields
Project Manager
[email protected]

Ilham Elkatani
Technical Analyst
[email protected]


Virginia Rollet Moore
Vice President, Events
[email protected]

Phil Ardizzone
Senior Director, Sales
[email protected]

Erika Bradbury
Director, Conference Programs
[email protected]

Zhana Edmonds
Senior Manager, Events
[email protected]

Claire Whalen
Manager, Events
[email protected]

Skylar Hogan
Coordinator, Events
[email protected]

IAB Ad Lab Event Space

Laura Baker
Senior Manager, Ad Lab
[email protected]

Initiatives & Committees

Joe Laszlo
Vice President, Industry Initiatives
[email protected]

Susan Borst
Director, Industry Initiatives
[email protected]

Benjamin Dick
Director, Industry Initiatives
[email protected]

Rena Unger
Director, Industry Initiatives
[email protected]

Enxhi Dylgjeri
Coordinator, Industry Initiatives
[email protected]


Alexandra Salomon
Senior Director, International
[email protected]

Marketing & Public Relations

Chris Glushko
Senior Director Marketing
[email protected]

Soizic Sacrez
Director, Marketing
[email protected]

Tina Shih
Director, Marketing
[email protected]

Jana Friedman
Senior Manager,
Events Marketing
[email protected]

Lauren Milligan
Senior Manager, Marketing
[email protected]

Shira Orbach
Senior Manager,
Marketing & PR
[email protected]

Noel Wagner
Senior Manager,
Marketing & Social Media
[email protected]

Laura Goldberg
Public Relations Consultant
[email protected]


Nicole Horsford
Senior Director, Member Services
[email protected]

John Grifferty
Senior Manager, Member Relations
[email protected]

Natalie Hamingson
Coordinator, Member Services
[email protected]

Mobile & Video Centers

Eric John
Senior Director, Mobile
[email protected]

Victor Silva
Senior Director, Video
[email protected]

Donelly Bacchus
Senior Manager, Video
[email protected]

Eva Wu
Senior Manager, Mobile & Emerging Platforms
[email protected]

Kenya Reynolds
Manager, Mobile and Video Centers
[email protected]

Cerese Morgan
Executive Assistant
[email protected]


Conor Healy
Director, IT
[email protected]

Kevin Blouin
Senior Manager, Business Operations
[email protected]

Nirav Gada
Salesforce Administrator
[email protected]

Sharon Scoble
Manager, Business Operations
[email protected]

Bandita Ray
Coordinator, Data Entry & Integrity
[email protected]

Public Policy

Brad Weltman
Vice President, Public Policy
[email protected]

Alison Pepper
Senior Director and Assistant General
Council, Public Policy
[email protected]

Alex Propes
Director, Public Policy
[email protected]

Learning & Development

Christa Babcock
Senior Account Director,
Learning & Development
[email protected]

Jessica Eule
Director, Learning & Development
[email protected]

Jimmy Maldonado
Coordinator, Learning & Development
[email protected]

Diana Braithwaite
Executive Assistant
[email protected]


Maggie Zhang
Senior Director, Video Research
[email protected]

Kristina Sruoginis
Director, Research
[email protected]